Since its foundation in 1930, the P. I. Baranov Central Institute of Aviation Motor Development (CIAM) has been engaged in the development of nearly all the Russian aircraft engines. A number of world-leading research schools were created in CIAM. The work of these schools has determined the aerospace engine industry development trends for many decades to come.
CIAM's history can be divided into several main stages.
It was a period of the Institute and the Soviet aircraft industry formation as a whole. CIAM consolidated the country's engineering efforts in the aircraft engine construction industry. Design departments were established to conduct the whole cycle of aircraft engines' development. In these years, the Institute developed M-34, the most powerful Soviet aircraft engine at that time, which provided a series of heroic missions by Gromov and Chkalov crews, including a flight to the USA via the North Pole, as well as the AN-1 aircraft diesel engine. Later, these technologies were used in the development of the famous B-2, the engine of the T-34 universal battle tank.
1935-1945. Talent foundry
The Institute proceeds from the individual engines design to research of general engine development issues, i.e. engine working cycle, mechanical strength, control system, fuel supply, superchargers and variable pitch propellers. Design projects are transferred to new engine construction departments. Most of them are managed by the Institute employees. A special issue is the CIAM work during the World War II on improving the engine power and altitude performance, which resulted in enabling the Soviet aircraft engine industry to gain the qualitative superiority over the German one.
1945-1953. Jet aviation development
This period began with the study and examination of the trophy German Jumo 004 at CIAM's test rigs and capped with the development of the AM-3, the most powerful jet engine in the world at that time.
1953-1970. Higher, farther, faster!
Jet aviation enters a period of rapid development, with 2nd and 3rd generation turbojet engines being the basis. During these years, CIAM researchers participated in the development of such highlights as the NK-12, which is still the world's most powerful turboprop engine, and the R11F-300 afterburning turbojet engine. The most important event of this period is the establishment in 1953 of the CIAM Research and Test Center, Europe's largest experimental facility for aircraft engine development in Turayevo near Moscow. By 1991, over 900 engines had been tested at the CIAM's Test Center.
1970-1989. Golden age
The Soviet aviation is on the rise, reaching and often exceeding the overall world's level in virtually any area.
1989-2000. At the turn of the century
A hard time for the country and for the Institute as well. The question of the industry survival in the new economic situation comes up. Thanks to the employees' devotion and the management's insistence, CIAM's main competences were not only retained, but also improved according to the imperative of the time. This is a period of the CIAM's international cooperation growth.
2000-nowadays. Creating future technology
The period of overcoming the crisis consequences. The PD-14, Russia's first 5th generation aircraft engine, became a symbol of the industry’s revival. CIAM aims its efforts on creating a scientific groundwork for this engine, as well as for the long-term perspective up to 2050.
CIAM's role as the industry's leading research institution is based not only on its official status, but also on its scientific prestige what cannot be stated by any normative act. It is a result of long-term activity of thousands of people, whose names had made Russian science and engineering famous. Among them there are academicians, general and principal designers of leading design bureaus, such as V. Avduyevsky, S. Balandin, A. Bessonov, V. Dobrynin, V. Dollezhal, K. Zhdanov, M. Keldysh, V. Klimov, P. Kolesov, V. Konstantinov, S. Kosberg, A. Lyulka, N. Metskhvarishvili, A. Mikulin, G. Petrov, G. Svischev, L. Sedov, S. Serensen, B. Stechkin, S. Tumansky, E. Urmin, V. Uvarov, O. Favorsky, A. Charomsky, V. Chelomey, G. Cherny, A. Shvetsov, V. Yakovlev.
CIAM's history is an integral part of the world's aviation history.