logo_ciam_en-01.jpg   Central Institute of Aviation Motors
Eng

Since its establishment in 1930, the Institute was involved in the development of all Russian aircraft engines. A number of world-leading research schools were established in CIAM. The activity of these schools have determined aviation motor industry development trends for many decades to come. CIAM's history can be divided into several main stages.

1930 – 1935. Formation

It was the period of the Institute and the Soviet aircraft industry formation as a whole. CIAM consolidated the country's engineering effort in the aircraft engine construction industry. Design departments were established to conduct the whole cycle of aircraft engines development. In these years, Institute had developed M-34, the most powerful Soviet aircraft engine at that time, which provided a series of heroic missions by Gromov and Chkalov crews, including a flight to the USA via the North Pole, as well as the AN-1 aircraft diesel engine. Later these technologies were used in the process of famous B-2 development, the engine of the T-34 universal battle tank.

1935 – 1945. HR forge

The Institution proceeds from the individual engines design to research of general engine development issues, i.e.  engine working cycle, mechanical strength, control system, fuel supply, superchargers, and variable pitch propellers. Design projects are transferred to new engine construction departments most of them managed by the Institute employees. A special issue is the CIAM work is improving engine power and altitude performance during the World War II, which resulted in gaining qualitative superiority of Soviet aircraft motor industry over the German one.

1945 – 1953. Jet aviation development

This period began with the study and examination of the trophy German Jumo 004 at CIAM's test rigs and capped with the development of the AM-3, the most powerful jet engine in the world at that time.

1953 – 1970. Higher, farther, faster

Jet aviation enters a period of rapid development, with 2nd and 3rd generation turbojet engines being the basis. During these years CIAM researchers participated in the development of such highlights as the NK-12, which is still the most powerful turboprop engine in the world, and the R11F-300 afterburning turbojet engine. The most important event of this period is the establishment in 1953 of the CIAM Research and Test Center, Europe's largest experimental facility for aircraft engine development in Turayevo near Moscow. By 1991, over 900 engines were tested at CIAM's Test Center.

1970 – 1989. Golden age

The Soviet aviation is on the rise, reaching and often exceeding the overall world's level in virtually any area.

1989 – 2000. On the turn of the Century

A hard time for the country and for the Institute as well. The new economic situation raised the issue of the industry survival. Thanks to the employees' devotion and the management's insistence, CIAM's main competences were not only retained, but also improved according to the imperative of the time. This is a period the CIAM's international cooperation growth.

2000 – nowadays. Technologies of the future

The period of overcoming the crisis consequences. The PD-14, Russia's first 5th generation aircraft engine, became the symbol of the industry’s revival. CIAM researchers are commencing their efforts on creating technological advance foundation as for this engine and so for other perspectives up to 2050.

CIAM's role as the industry's leading research institution is based not on its official status only, but on scientific prestige too what cannot be stated by any normative act. Latter is the result of long-term activity of thousands of people, whose names had made famous Russian science and engineering. Among them there are academicians, general and principal designers of leading design firms, such as V. Avduyevsky, S. Balandin, A. Bessonov, V. Dobrynin, V. Dollezhal, K. Zhdanov, M. Keldysh, V. Klimov, P. Kolesov, V. Konstantinov, S. Kosberg, A. Lyulka, N. Metskhvarishvili, A. Mikulin, G. Petrov, G. Svischev, L. Sedov, S. Serensen, B. Stechkin, S. Tumansky, E. Urmin, V. Uvarov, O. Favorsky, A. Charomsky, V. Chelomey, G. Cherny, A. Shvetsov, and V. Yakovlev.

CIAM's history is an integral part of the world's aviation history.